News & Views

What is a Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP)?

CWPP update 2020 cover pageIf you’ve lived in the wildland-urban interface (WUI) area of Jefferson County, or any WUI anywhere, for that matter, you’ve likely heard of something called a Community Wildfire Protection Plan, the CWPP, for short. But, just what is a CWPP? Continue reading “What is a Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP)?”

Weed War

Deer in a Canadian thistle thicket

Weeds are a growing concern in our neighborhood. Many homeowner associations and individuals informed C.A.R.E. that they felt overwhelmed by the numbers of weeds after last summer’s rains, particularly, the Bull, Canada and Musk thistles. Even thistle thickets like the one above can be overcome.Meadow following Canadian thistle removal Read how to achieve a thistle-free pasture that looks like this meadow.  Continue reading “Weed War”

Thistle Before and After/ Fall & Late Summer Information

BEFORE Deer in a Canadian thistle thicket

AFTERMeadow following Canadian thistle removal

Canada Thistle (Late Summer)

You might as well mow the area now (saving the step of cutting the seed heads only).  We can’t stress enough that if you will use a bag on your mower to collect all cuttings, you will greatly reduce the number of seeds left on the ground to germinate next year. Continue reading “Thistle Before and After/ Fall & Late Summer Information”

Dalmatian Toadflax

Dalmatian ToadflaxDALMATIAN TOADFLAX

Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica
Figwort Family

Colorado Dept. of Agriculture Class B

Aliases: Balkan toadflax, broadleaf toadflax, wild snapdragon, smooth toadflax
Perennial: Forb
Flowers/Fruit: Seeds Mature July – September. (Oct. after the 1st year)
Flowers: Snapdragon type, bright yellow, tinged with orange,  1-1/2″ long spur. The upper lip is 2-lobed and the lower is 3-lobed.
Bloom: May – August Continue reading “Dalmatian Toadflax”

Diffuse Knapweed

Diffuse KnapweedDIFFUSE KNAPWEED

Centaurea diffusa Lam. Asteraceae (sunflower family)

Colorado Dept. of Agriculture Class B

List B Eradication Required

Aliases: Spreading Knapweed, tumble knapweed, white knapweed
Annual: (1 yr life cycle). Most commonly a short-lived perennial (survives the winter but doesn’t do well the 2nd yr.); occasionally a biennial (needs 2 yrs to complete its life cycle).

Continue reading “Diffuse Knapweed”

A Case Study of the Camp Fire – Fire Progression Timeline

After siege of blazes, experts say California must improve wildfire evacuation plans.

This publication is downloadable and available free of charge from:
https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.2135

The Camp Fire. November 8, 2018, Butte County, California. The foothills of the Sierra Nevada, so much like our own inter-mountain Jefferson County, Colorado. Over 18,000 destroyed structures, 700 damaged structures, 85 fatalities. The numbers only tell part of the story. Continue reading “A Case Study of the Camp Fire – Fire Progression Timeline”

The Colorado Wildfire Risk Public Viewer

A normal human trait is to avoid looking for trouble before it happens. Unfortunately, engaging in this type of behaviour can lead to unfortunate and even deadly circumstances, especially where wildfire is concerned.

Hence we at C.A.R.E. are presenting the Colorado Wildfire Risk Public Viewer.  https://co-pub.coloradoforestatlas.org/#/

This viewer is a joint venture between the Colorado Forest Service and Colorado State University. It’s designed to increase wildfire awareness, provide a comprehensive view of local wildfire risk and local fire history, and educate about wildfire prevention and mitigation. Continue reading “The Colorado Wildfire Risk Public Viewer”

What Does a Well-Mitigated Forest Look Like?

Dead or over-stressed forest - US Fish & Wildlife Service
Dead or over-stressed forest – US Fish & Wildlife Service

In 1944, the longest-running public service campaign in US history took off with the now-familiar message, “Only YOU Can Prevent Forest Fires”.

Now we have come to realize that this well-meaning approach has had devastating consequences. Our western forests, which evolved with fire as a controlling mechanism to prevent overgrowth, Continue reading “What Does a Well-Mitigated Forest Look Like?”

Suggested Method for Overseeding

The C.A.R.E. Weed Committee suggests the following tips for over-seeding in the fall:

  • Remove weeds from the area you are over-seeding.
  • Prepare your acreage by scuffing up the bare dirt spots with a rake or turning the soil with a shovel. The surface should be relatively smooth before seeding.
  • Wait until the outside temperature is a consistent 50 degrees, but before the ground freezes (generally October for our mountain community). This will prevent the grass seed from attempting to germinate before our winter snows. Note: You can over-seed on top of snow.
  • Seed should be planted at a depth of approximately ¼ inch and covered with approximately 2” inches of soil.   Seed that is not covered will not germinate. One pound of seed covers approximately 2,400 sq. ft. of land.
  • If you decide to cover the seed with a layer of seed-free & weed-free grass hay, you may want to check out companies like the Arkansas Valley Seed Company, https://avseeds.com/
  • One standard bale covers approximately 650 sq. ft. If you are seeding a sloped area, it may be  of benefit to also use an erosion control netting on top.